• Hate speech in Greece: legal and educational measures against the rhetoric of hatred

    Greek national perspective on hate speech

    In the second half of the 20th century, the Greek law introduced different limitations of expression to protect citizens from national, racial, ethnic or religious discrimination, hatred or violence. In 2014, the so called "anti-racist law" (4285/2014) broadened the definition basis for the crime of racism, xenophobia and colour-based discrimination, to also include gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and disability.

  • Hacking Online Hate: Building an Evidence Base for Educators

    Hacking Online Hate: Building an Evidence Base for Educators

    The SELMA project has published "Hacking Online Hate: Building an Evidence Base for Educators," a research report that synthesises the main findings of a comprehensive research aiming to achieve a holistic understanding of the online hate speech phenomenon. The research, carried out by professionals with a variety of academic and organisation backgrounds, comprises three interrelated components enriching each other: a literature review, a series of qualitative focus groups and an online quantitative survey.

  • Hate speech in Germany: a controversial law without a legal definition of the term

    German national perspective on hate speech

    Online hate speech is a well-known phenomenon in Germany. A recent survey study conducted among a representative sample of German Internet users demonstrated that 78 per cent of participants have already witnessed hate speech online. Especially young people between 14 and 24 years old are, on average, more often exposed to online hate speech than other age groups, according to the study Forsa-Befragung zur Wahrnehmung von Hassrede im Internet. Despite the pervasiveness of the phenomenon in Germany, to date, there is no overarching definition of the term "Hate Speech."

  • Hate speech in Denmark: a widespread problem seldom discussed

    Danish national perspective on hate speech

    Outside of some academic circles, hate speech is not a very clearly defined, understood and used term in the public debate in Denmark. Needless to say, this does not mean that people living in Demark are not subject to the problems and consequences associated with the hate speech phenomenon.

  • Meet the SELMA Education Task Force: Discussing educational solutions to online hate speech

    SELMA Education Task Force

    The SELMA project has set up an Education Task Force against online hate speech. This group of experts, comprising Ministry of Education (MoE) representatives, key social media platforms, and other public and private experts, will establish a forum for discussion around awareness raising and education solutions to online hate speech and will help SELMA project partners to prioritise needs.